Data security is the protection of digital and physical data against the unauthorized access or destruction. It is a must for every business, since it ensures that personal information is available to authorized users and is confidential, secure, and intact. It also assists in preventing the loss of important information in the event of an attack on the internet or a data breach. A well-designed data security program consists of a variety of tools that adhere to these six best practices essential to a successful program:

Authentication is the most important aspect of any data security strategy. When your data is at rest or in transport, you need to verify that only authorized users have access using credentials, such as encryption keys or passwords, or other methods of authentication, like multi-factor identification (MFA) in which the user is required to provide more than one method of proof.

The company must be able to track its application data, and understand what data is sensitive and in a particular state, such as “at rest”, “in transit” or “in use”.

As data collection increases and data collection increases, it becomes difficult for companies to keep track of all the sensitive information. It is crucial to adhere to the principle of least privilege, which states that only the information that users require to perform their duties should be provided. By cutting down on the number of permissions you grant, you can enhance security and reduce storage and bandwidth costs. Your data usage policy should also outline how data will be used and the consequences for any violations of the policy.